Glossary

Here is a list of terms central to my scholastic writing. It is offered as a quick and easy way to better understand them.

Agency: The activeness and purposefulness of individuals and groups to attempt to influence their social reality in a variety of ways.

Empowering Surveillance: Surveillance done in the name of empowering a disadvantaged social group. Within it:
Independent Research: Research in which the scholar has no compromising dependencies either on funding organizations or fellow scholars.

Insiders: Individuals with high access to services and the decision making of an organization.

Large-Scope Research: A research that tries to answer a significant question regarding society by covering substantial ground, either in terms of studied period, location, or case studies.

Move / Counter-Move: The dynamic form in which struggles over conflictual issues plays out. Virtually no move is ever the ‘final act’ in a given conflict.

Repressive-Responsiveness: Repression of large social groups that stems from pressure applied by large, often majoritarian social groups on political actors, to produce such repression.

Social Closure: A central power move within society in which resources are made accessible only to a certain group (and not to anybody else) through an exclusion criterion.

Sociological Accountability: Associating a detrimental social phenomenon with the social groups that either designed or contributed to the policy that created it.

Stratified Society: The tendency of societies to be characterized by different tiers of affluence and access to resources according to rigid criteria (e.g. ascribed categories such as race) and semi-rigid criteria (acquired and life-style categories such as education).

Targeted Surveillance: Surveillance that is aimed at a specific social group, even if it is broadly applied.

Top-Down Power Flow: Refers to how power flows vertically, from the top, within an organization. There are two main types:
Transparency: Exposure of information about an individual or an organization, in both the positive sense (e.g. revealing the truth) and the negative sense (e.g. exposing to attack). Transparency is subdivided into:
Union Exclusion/Inclusion: The policy of trade unions with regards to the individuals of a specific social group. Within it there are four categories:
Union Standardization: The semi-automatic process in which trade unions equalize the conditions of its members and workers covered under their agreements.

Union Uses: A theoretical model that suggests that trade unions are tools in the hands of some of the union's members in order to achieve their goals, not only as they relate to employers, but also to other workers.